Arthritis Symptoms, Risk Factors, Treatment, and Procedures

About arthritis (spondylosis)

Arthritis is a disease that characterized by inflammation in one or several of the joints in your body. It is characterized by pain and stiffness in the joints that are affected and it usually becomes worse over time. There are several different types of arthritis, but the most common are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Sometimes osteoarthritis of the spine is referred to as spondylosis.

When osteoarthritis affects the joints, it causes the cartilage, the tissue covering the ends of the bones where they connect to form joints, to erode or break down. In rheumatoid arthritis, the first area to be affected is the lining of the joints, called the synovium. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder, which means the body's immune system attacks its own tissues.

Other types of arthritis can be caused by infections or other diseases, such as lupus or psoriasis,  or by uric acid crystals. The type of treatment recommended by your health care practitioner may vary, depending on the type of arthritis you have and the severity of your symptoms. The primary goals of treatment are aimed at reducing pain and inflammation and helping to improve your quality of life.