Useful Advice for Osteomyelitis Regarding Medication and Diet

Useful Advice for Osteomyelitis: Osteomyelitis Treatment, Causes, and Tips

What is Osteomyelitis?

Osteomyelitis is usually described as an infection of the bone, a very rare but often serious condition. Your bones can become infected in a number of ways possible, but the most common would be an infection on one part of the body spreading through the bloodstream and then entering a bone. Other times it is due to an open fracture or surgery that may increase the chances of a bone’s exposure to infection.

Osteomyelitis can occur in adults most commonly through the spine or vertebrae, while in children the osteomyelitis commonly occurs in the long bones of the arms and the legs. Osteomyelitis that happens in the foot will most likely happen to people who have diabetes.

Osteomyelitis treatment was once deemed impossible, but now the condition can be treated successfully. Most osteomyelitis treatment available for people who have the condition usually includes surgery to remove the affected bone parts, and this is immediately followed by strong antibiotics that are delivered intravenously. The osteomyelitis treatment could go on for as long as four to six weeks.

Osteomyelitis Treatment: Diagnosing the Condition

Diagnosing the condition or finding out if the person really has osteomyelitis is usually the first step in osteomyelitis treatment. However, diagnosing a person with the condition can be surprisingly difficult. Doctors will most likely subject you to various diagnostic procedures that will help them correctly diagnose if you have osteomyelitis or not.

Doctors will use x-ray, blood tests, MRIs and sometimes Bone scans to find out what’s going on within your bones if you have the condition or not. Most often, a bone biopsy will be necessary to confirm a doctor’s diagnosis. A bone biopsy will also help the doctor correctly determine what type of organism or bacteria is causing the infection so that the right osteomyelitis treatment medication can be prescribed to the patient.

The osteomyelitis treatment program a doctor will prescribe you will most likely focus on stopping the infection dead in its tracks and preserving as much of the bone and its functions as possible. People with osteomyelitis are often prescribed with antibiotics, and sometimes surgery, or a combination of both.

Osteomyelitis Treatment: The Use of Antibiotics

Using antibiotics as treatment can help bring the infection under control if the medications are effective enough then there will probably be no need for a surgery. Antibiotics for people who suffer from osteomyelitis are often administered intravenously, and later on, will be switched to a pill form.

The type of medications that will be prescribed to you by the doctor will largely vary. Bone cultures are sometimes obtained first and several tests will be performed, before a doctor can decide on what type of antibiotic will be prescribed for you as well as the dosage. Antibiotic Treatments for osteomyelitis are will take a minimum of 4 weeks and will usually last for a 6-week course.

Some of the oral antibiotics that will be prescribed for a patient suffering osteomyelitis which has been proven effective are the following: Clindamycin, Rifampin, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, and fluoroquinolones.

Osteomyelitis Treatment: Surgical Therapy

More severe or serious cases of chronic osteomyelitis will require surgery as an osteomyelitis treatment to remove the infected tissue or bone. The surgery involved in osteomyelitis aims to prevent the infection from spreading further, and will usually use all means to prevent an amputation from being the only option available for the patient.

Osteomyelitis treatment surgery will usually involve one or more of the following options:

  • Removal of Affected Bone and Tissue- this procedure is usually called debridement, and is done by removing as much of the affected bone and tissue as possible. A surgeon then takes a small margin of healthy bone, this is to ensure that the infected areas have been successfully removed.
  • Draining the infected area- by opening the infected area and creating a wound, the surgeon allows pus and any other bodily fluids to drain from the affected bone and tissue. These fluids will have accumulated over time in response to the infection you have had.
  • Restoring blood flow- this process usually follows the debridement process and involved grafting an empty space left by the previous procedure with a new piece of bone or other tissue. This graft then helps the body repair the blood vessels in that area that were once damaged by the infection.

Osteomyelitis Treatment: Prevention

Since the primary cause of the condition is an infection, the simple steps to be taken to prevent osteomyelitis from happening is to not allow infections to take place. Take safety precautions to avoid wounds, cuts, and scrapes that may give germs easy access to your body. When there is a wound, especially a deep wound in any part of your body, wash it completely and treat it with sterile bandages.

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Questions & Answers
Q:
What is the best way to treat permanent back and neck pain and stiffness?
A:

Here are some tips:

Neck Pain Tips: Sleep with a cervical pillow

Orthopedic or cervical pillows are made with special contours to support the space beneath the neck and head. They are also more concave for the head and provide more support to the neck.

Neck Pain Tips: Sleep on your back

The best position to lie to sleep is on your back. If you sleep on your stomach or on your side, make sure your pillow is not too thick. It should raise your head no more than 4 to 6 inches. This will keep your neck and head from turning to either side.

Neck Pain Tips: Position your computer screen at eye level

While you are working at a computer, sit comfortably in your chair with your computer in front of you. Close your eyes and then open them. When you open your eyes, you should see the middle of the computer screen. If your gaze is not in the middle of the screen, adjust the height of the screen using items like books.

To keep your head from gradually drifting forward, take frequent breaks to stretch. Getting up to walk around at least once every half-hour is one of the best neck pain tips.

Neck Pain Tips: Use a telephone headset

Never hold a phone between your shoulder and your ear. Use a headset or other hands-free system to talk on the phone and avoid abusing your neck and spine.

Neck Pain Tips: Exercise your neck muscles

One of the best neck pain tips is using the chin tuck. You can do this often throughout the day. In addition to helping strengthen the muscles that hold the head in alignment over the shoulders, it also helps strengthen the scalene and sub-occipital muscles.

Read more tips here: Neck Pain Tips: Sleeping, Posture, Exercising, Hydration & Prevention

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Temed Holdings
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Q:
What is the best treatment for neck pain and shoulder Pain?
A:

One of the best treatment for neck pain and shoulder pain is exercises:

Neck Pain Exercises: Neck Extension

  1. To begin this neck pain exercise, sit up straight in a chair with your feet flat on the floor.
  2. Looking straight ahead, tuck your chin slightly (starting position)
  3. Place the palm of your hand on the back of your neck, at the base of your head
  4. Apply slight forward pressure with your hand, while resisting the forward motion of your neck and head
  5. Hold for a count of 5 and return to the starting position and relax
  6. Repeat the neck pain exercises 5-10 times

Neck pain exercises: Side bend

  1. Sit up straight in a chair with your feet flat on the floor.
  2. Looking straight ahead, tuck your chin slightly (starting position)
  3. Place your left hand, palm down, on the left side of your head (around your ear)
  4. Slightly push your head to the right side with your hand, while resisting the sideways motion of your neck and head
  5. Hold for a count of 5 and return to the starting position and relax.
  6. Repeat 5-10 times
  7. Repeat the neck pain exercises with the other side.

Neck pain exercises: Neck flexion

  1. Sit up straight in a chair with your feet flat on the floor.
  2. Looking straight ahead, tuck your chin slightly (starting position)
  3. Place the tips of your fingers on your forehead
  4. Slightly push your head backward with your fingers, while resisting the backward motion of your neck and head
  5. Hold for a count of 5 and return to the starting position and relax.
  6. Repeat the neck pain exercises 5-10 times

More exercises here: Neck Pain Exercises

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Temed Holdings
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Q:
How do I reduce the shoulder and neck pain?
A:

Here are some tips:

Neck Pain Tips: Sleep with a cervical pillow

Orthopedic or cervical pillows are made with special contours to support the space beneath the neck and head. They are also more concave for the head and provide more support to the neck.

Neck Pain Tips: Sleep on your back

The best position to lie to sleep is on your back. If you sleep on your stomach or on your side, make sure your pillow is not too thick. It should raise your head no more than 4 to 6 inches. This will keep your neck and head from turning to either side.

Neck Pain Tips: Position your computer screen at eye level

While you are working at a computer, sit comfortably in your chair with your computer in front of you. Close your eyes and then open them. When you open your eyes, you should see the middle of the computer screen. If your gaze is not in the middle of the screen, adjust the height of the screen using items like books.

To keep your head from gradually drifting forward, take frequent breaks to stretch. Getting up to walk around at least once every half-hour is one of the best neck pain tips.

Neck Pain Tips: Carry weight evenly

Many people make the mistake of carrying a heavy briefcase or their purse on their shoulder or on one side of their body. Doing this causes strain in the muscles and leads to pain.

Remove non-essentials from your briefcase or purse. Consider using a backpack to evenly distribute the weight across your shoulders. If you choose to carry a purse or backpack, keep your shoulders level while carrying it.

Neck Pain Tips: Maintain a proper posture

The most common posture contributing to neck pain is the “head-and-shoulders-forward” posture. In this position, the neck slopes forward, putting the head in front of the shoulders.

In this position, the head pulls the upper back forward also in a slumped position. This places a strain on the entire spinal column.

More tips here: Neck Pain Tips: Sleeping, Posture, Exercising, Hydration & Prevention

Read more
Temed Holdings
4 answers